The herb garden | The Guardian Nigeria News
When designing your herb garden, remember to focus on more than just the smells of plants, consider planning for their color, time of year they bloom, size and their individual needs. This way you will end up with a consistent garden, all year round, of stunning colors and delicious aromas. A garden of aromatic herbs offers multisensory pleasures. Whether you grow edible herbs or herbs for other uses, many of them have the added bonus of scent.
Scented herbs include the popular scents of lavender, sage, and lemon balm. In addition to cooking, the fragrant herbs can be used for potpourris, oils and lotions, or just to enjoy an intoxicating whiff while you work in the garden. Often the smell of herbs comes from their foliage and intensifies when crushed or broken. Planting fragrant herbs where you graze them as you pass by is an easy way to enjoy a fragrant herb garden. Most plants release their aromas best when brushed, touched, or blown by the wind, so keep that in mind when choosing planting locations.
Another great tip is to plant your herbs near you. You can enjoy their scent from the kitchen, and it’s easy to pinch outside and scoop up the weed you need when cooking. Some of the best plants and herbs to choose from for a truly fragrant garden include:
Calendula not only has simple beauty, it is edible, easy to care for, and has many therapeutic uses. Also known as “potted marigolds,” these annuals bloom consistently throughout the growing season. The leaves are fragrant and the flowers have a sweet resinous aroma… unlike most other plants traditionally grown for scent. Although calendula prefers full sun, it tolerates light shade in warmer areas.
Marigolds are very easy to grow, very vibrant, with bright orange or yellow flowers. Marigolds are prolific flowers and continue to bloom even on hot days and humid nights. They are used in companionship, they accompany many plants and are best known for helping vegetables, plant them all over your garden. They are beautiful in the earth. Planting them in pots and other containers as well is a great way to enjoy these delicious plants.
Lemon balm is one of the nicest and freshest garden scents. Although it’s actually a member of the mint family – with similar-looking leaves and small white flowers – it has a distinctly lemony scent, hence its name! they thrive in full sun and in rich, well-drained soil. Like its cousin the mint, lemon balm is quite invasive, although removing the flowers as soon as they appear will limit this spread. To keep it as aromatic as possible, do not fertilize your lemon balm plant.
The highly aromatic Cymbopogon citronella is a genus of African, Asian, Australian and tropical island plants in the grass family. The genus Cymbopogon includes grasses, commonly cultivated as culinary and medicinal herbs, two of which are called citronella. These are Cymbopogon citratus which is famous for its culinary use and Cymbopogon flexuosus, used in the manufacture of perfumes due to its extended shelf life. Its health benefits are numerous. It is in great demand for its antibacterial, antifungal and antimicrobial properties. It is widely used in aromatherapy and helps fight fatigue, anxiety, and body odor.
This small perennial shrub is both pretty and functional, thanks to its light purple to pink flowers and its pleasant, pungent flavor and smell reminiscent of clover. There are more than fifty varieties of thyme, most often used in cooking. Because the seeds germinate unevenly, starting with a seedling is a good idea. If you like the companion planting, be sure to plant your thyme near the cabbage.
The smell of rosemary oil has been shown in studies to decrease the levels of the stress hormone, cortisol, in saliva. It also reduces anxiety, increases mental clarity, and improves learning and memory. When planted in the garden, its distinctive woody scent repels mosquitoes and other garden pests. This pungent evergreen perennial shrub with blue flowers is ideal for a rock garden or the top of a dry wall. You can also plant near beans, cabbage, carrots, and sage to deter pests.
Mint is another incredibly fragrant herb that is instantly recognized by its fresh and tangy scent. Try planting peppermint, spearmint, chocolate mint, or orange mint in your herb garden. Mint is not only delicious when made into a fresh herbal tea or used in a variety of savory and sweet dishes, but it also has medicinal properties. For example, peppermint essential oil is known to relax, improve focus, soothe sinuses, and cure headaches. The smell of the plant, although milder, can still have similar effects.
Fresh basil has a strong, pungent, peppery and slightly minty aroma. For those who love Italian dishes, this herb is a staple in the garden. Basil plants need full sun, lots of water with excellent drainage, and warmth. To grow a tall plant, you will need to harvest often. Once the flowers appear, remove them immediately to preserve the great flavor of the plant.
Eucalyptus, with its aromatic silvery leaves and bark that smells like a mixture of menthol and sage, is a great addition to any fragrant garden. It prefers warmer climates – as it comes from Australia – although it thrives in moist, well-drained soil. Those who live in cooler areas should grow eucalyptus in patio containers and move indoors for the winter. Use sprigs in flower arrangements or dry the leaves and bark for a pot- rotten DIY. The scent is said to relieve congestion and repel insects.
Native to the Mediterranean region, laurel has a sweet and strong scent with warming nutmeg notes. Today it is best known as a flavoring for soups and stews, but it was once made into wreaths to crown the winners of ancient Greek games.
With aromatic leaves and a warm flavor, marjoram is another great choice for those who want a fragrant garden and delicious home-cooked meals. It has a similar scent and taste to sweet oregano, but sweeter.
Marjoram is best planted in containers, planters, and garden beds placed in full sun. The grass will grow in most types of soil with little water, but prefers fast-draining sandy soil. You can also use marjoram as a border to bring your garden to life by attracting bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects.
Botanical name: Mentha requienii
The intriguing name alone makes you want to add it to your garden. is a Mediterranean native and low growing, spreading mint ground cover that has a lovely minty aroma when touched or lightly bruised. Try it as a fragrant filler between pavers or stepping stones.