Illustrated plan for a colorful herb garden
An herb garden can be a very nice and useful addition to any garden. Illustration by John Peterson
The aromatic plants will delight both the nose and the eyes. This beautiful herb garden design incorporates foliage of various colors and textures to produce a visually appealing and fragrant display. The focal point of this design is the rosemary planted in a pretty container. Containers of spearmint and peppermint flank the rosemary, adding height to the garden while keeping these plants from overgrowing.
Weeds are kept to a minimum and the soil is protected with fragrant, low ground covers, including curly parsley, lemon thyme, golden sage, and variegated oregano. This lovely herb garden is not only very beautiful and fragrant, but also very easy to care for – even a gardening beginner can take care of it.
Here are the plants and their positions in the herb garden. Illustration by John Peterson
List of plants
Herb garden plan diagram. Illustration by Michael Feldmann
- A 4 curly parsley (Petroselinum crispum) Annual
- B 3 Lemon Thyme Variegates (Thymus citriodorus’ Variegata‘) Zones 5 to 9
- C 1 Spearmint (Mentha spicata) Zones 3 to 11
- D 1 Peppermint variegated (Mentha piperita) Zones 5 to 11
- E 2 Golden Sage (Salvia officinalis ‘Aurea’) Zones 6 to 9
- F 2 Variegated oregano (Origanum vulgare ‘Variegatum’) Zones 4 to 9
- G 1 Chives (Allium schoenoprasum) Zones 4 to 8
- H 4 Purple basil (Ocimum basilicum purpurescens) Annual
- I 2 ‘Pesto Perpetuo’ Basil (Ocimum x citriodorum) Annual
- J 2 Bronze Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ‘Purpureum‘) Zones 4 to 9
- K 2 Dill (Anethum graveolens) Zones 2 to 11
- L 1 Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Zones 8â11
Planting and maintenance
Herbs bring beauty and fragrance to the garden and abundant flavor to your kitchen. Most herbs are easy to grow and, once planted, require little care other than watering and harvesting. So if you’re just starting out with an edible garden, herbs are a great start. Here are some simple tips for caring for these almost carefree, beautiful and tasty plants.
Before you start
Preparation is the key to developing a garden that will give you pleasure for a lifetime. Before going to the nursery to buy plants, you should consider what plants can grow in your area, can they grow in your soil, do you have enough space, do you have enough sun and many more .
Choose the right location
Most of the herbs I have included in this garden plan are very easy to maintain and only need a few things: enough sun, well-drained soil, enough space, and the right USDA areas. This means that when deciding where to place your herb garden, you should look for a location that receives six or more hours of sunlight per day, well-drained soil, and enough space for your herb garden.
Many people think of convenience when deciding where to start an herb garden. Planting near the kitchen or home can make harvesting herbs from the herb garden easier.
Prepare the ground
After deciding to start your herb garden, you will need to prepare the ground. Add plenty of compost if your soil is sandy or clayey. Even if your soil is in good condition, incorporating compost into the soil will provide nutrients to your herbs as they grow.
Plant your herbs
Keep all of your plants in their pots and place them on the planting bed if you have them on hand. This will give you an idea of ââhow the bed will look and encourage you to make changes before you dig any holes.
Place your plants in the ground at the same level they were in the pot. Tamp the soil around each plant with your hands, then water it thoroughly. The distance between the grasses varies depending on the plant; generally, leave enough space between plants so that they all have enough room to grow and flourish.
Once all the herbs have been planted and watered well, you need to mulch your plants next. Shredded leaves, clippings, wood chips, and straw are all great mulch options for herb gardens. Apply mulch properly to control weeds, conserve soil moisture, and regulate soil temperature.
Caring for your new herb garden is very easy. The only thing you need to do is proper watering, a little bit of fertilization, mulching, picking up any weeds if there are any, and pruning and harvesting.
The majority of herbs grow best in well-drained soil and create their most intense flavor when kept dry. Their water requirements are determined by the type of soil, weather conditions, and the type of your plants. Plants in sandy soils, for example, require more regular watering than those in clay soils.
Keep in mind that plants use more water when the weather is hot, windy, and low in humidity than when it is cold, wet, and cloudy. Apply enough water to moisten the root zone at least 6 inches deep while watering. Water can be applied effectively using soaker pipes or drip irrigation systems: they avoid wasting water by watering only the roots of plants, and it also prevents many diseases by keeping dry foliage.
Herbs that receive a lot of nutrients, especially nitrogen, grow slowly and have little flavor or fragrance. Therefore, do not over-fertilize your plants. Manufactured controlled-release fertilizers and organic fertilizers that break down slowly are less likely to provide excess nutrients all at once. To determine the amount of fertilizer to apply, follow the soil test recommendations or label directions.
Mulching and weed control
Mulch to keep weeds from growing in your herb garden. Wood chips, straw or pine needles are fine organic mulches to use. Apply a 2- to 4-inch layer of mulch around your herbs, but move it away from the crown of the plant. Mulch smothers weeds, prevents most weed seeds from germinating, and makes it easier to pull out those that do. Mulch also helps preserve moisture, so you’ll need to water less frequently!
Pruning and harvest
When you prune and harvest your herbs often, they seem to grow better. Pruning prevents plants from outgrowing their space. You can harvest or prune your herbs at any time until they start to bloom. Herbs grown for seeds or, such as cilantro or chamomile, should be harvested after the seeds have dried on the plant or when the flowers are about to fully bloom. Cutting the herbs with clean tools reduces the risk of disease and keeps your herbs healthy and productive.
Michael feldmann is a farmer and writer from Oklahoma, who studies agriculture and has worked as a reporter for magazines and newspapers across the country. His writings have appeared in Acres USA, Rural Heritage, Farming magazine, Farmers Weekly, Permaculture magazine, NEWS FROM MOTHER EARTH, and as a columnist in Poultry World. Read all about Michael MOTHER EARTH NEWS publishes here.
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Originally published: 05/25/2021 10:37:00